The Universe is Hostile to Computers

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#Tags: The Universe is Hostile to Computers   veritasium   science   physics  

Video description
Tiny particles from distant galaxies have caused plane accidents, election interference and game glitches. This video is sponsored by Brilliant. The first 200 people to sign up via https://brilliant.org/veritasium get 20% off a yearly subscription.

This video was inspired by the RadioLab Podcast "Bit Flip" https://brilliant.org/veritasium -- they're brilliant science storytellers.

A Huge thanks to Dr Leif Scheick, Calla Cofield and the JPL Media Relations Team.

Thanks to Col Chris Hadfield. Check out his book: https://brilliant.org/veritasium

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References:
J. F. Ziegler, "Terrestrial cosmic rays," in IBM Journal of Research and Development, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 19-39, Jan. 1996, doi: 10.1147/rd.401.0019. -- https://brilliant.org/veritasium

D. Binder, E. C. Smith and A. B. Holman, "Satellite Anomalies from Galactic Cosmic Rays," in IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 2675-2680, Dec. 1975, doi: 10.1109/TNS.1975.4328188 https://brilliant.org/veritasium

Ziegler, J. F., & Lanford, W. A. (1979). Effect of cosmic rays on computer memories. Science, 206(4420), 776-788 https://brilliant.org/veritasium

Drury, L. O. C. (2012). Origin of cosmic rays. Astroparticle Physics, 39, 52-60. https://brilliant.org/veritasium

Hess, V. (2018). On the observations of the penetrating radiation during seven balloon flights. arXiv preprint arXiv:1808.02927. --https://brilliant.org/veritasium

Carlson, P., & De Angelis, A. (2011). Nationalism and internationalism in science: the case of the discovery of cosmic rays. The European Physical Journal H, 35(4), 309-329. -- https://brilliant.org/veritasium

Höeffgen, S. K., Metzger, S., & Steffens, M. (2020). Investigating the effects of cosmic rays on space electronics. Frontiers in Physics, 8, 318. -- https://brilliant.org/veritasium

Edmonds, L. D., Barnes, C. E., & Scheick, L. Z. (2000). An introduction to space radiation effects on microelectronics. Jet Propulsion Laboratory, National Aeronautics and Space Administration. -- https://brilliant.org/veritasium

NASA Mars 2020 website covering the specifications of the Perseverance Rover https://brilliant.org/veritasium

Australian Government Australian Transport Safety Bureau report on QF72 -- https://brilliant.org/veritasium

Australian Government Australian Transport Safety Bureau summary on QF72 --https://brilliant.org/veritasium

Great Blog post about QF72 -- https://brilliant.org/veritasium

Michael Barr's report on the Toyota acceleration issue --https://brilliant.org/veritasium

NASA's Report on Toyota -- https://brilliant.org/veritasium

T. C. May and M. H. Woods, "A New Physical Mechanism for Soft Errors in Dynamic Memories," 16th International Reliability Physics Symposium, 1978, pp. 33-40, doi: 10.1109/IRPS.1978.362815. --https://brilliant.org/veritasium

P. M. O'Neill and G. D. Badhwar, "Single event upsets for Space Shuttle flights of new general purpose computer memory devices," in IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 1755-1764, Oct. 1994, doi: 10.1109/23.317386. -- https://brilliant.org/veritasium

Wikipedia about radiation hardening -- https://brilliant.org/veritasium

Toward Monitoring Fault-Tolerant Embedded
Systems (Extended Abstract) -- https://brilliant.org/veritasium

Article about speed run -- https://brilliant.org/veritasium

Article about speed run -- https://brilliant.org/veritasium

Article about redundant systems in spaceflight -- https://brilliant.org/veritasium

Article about the PowerPC750 -- https://brilliant.org/veritasium

Fuglesang C, Narici L, Picozza P, Sannita WG. Phosphenes in low earth orbit: survey responses from 59 astronauts. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2006 Apr;77(4):449-52. PMID: 16676658. -- https://brilliant.org/veritasium

Good article about Cosmic Rays causing flashes -- https://brilliant.org/veritasium

Good article about radiation resistance -- https://brilliant.org/veritasium

Special thanks to Patreon supporters: Paul Peijzel, Juan Benet, Ruslan Khroma, Richard Sundvall, Lee Redden, Sam Lutfi, MJP, Gnare, Nick DiCandilo, Dave Kircher, Edward Larsen, Burt Humburg, Blake Byers, Dumky, Mike Tung, Evgeny Skvortsov, Meekay, Ismail Öncü Usta, Paul Peijzel, Crated Comments, Anna, Mac Malkawi, Michael Schneider, Oleksii Leonov, Jim Osmun, Tyson McDowell, Ludovic Robillard, Jim buckmaster, fanime96, Juan Benet, Ruslan Khroma, Robert Blum, Richard Sundvall, Lee Redden, Vincent, Marinus Kuivenhoven, Alfred Wallace, Arjun Chakroborty, Joar Wandborg, Clayton Greenwell, Pindex, Michael Krugman, Cy 'kkm' K'Nelson, Sam Lutfi, Ron Neal

Written by Derek Muller and Petr Lebedev
Animation by Iván Tello, Mike Radjabov, Fabio Albertelli, Jakub Misiek and Charlie Davies
SFX by Shaun Clifford
Filmed by Derek Muller, Raquel Nuno, and Emily Zhang
Edited by Derek Muller and Petr Lebedev
SFX by Shaun Clifford
Additional video supplied by Getty Images
Rover Footage From NASA/JPL-Caltech
QF72 footage from the Smithsonian channel https://brilliant.org/veritasium
SM64 footage from https://brilliant.org/veritasium
Music from Epidemic Sound
Produced by Derek Muller, Petr Lebedev and Emily Zhang
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